A third Theory of Change process leads Roca to an even clearer definition of its target population, focusing on justice-involved young adults and reducing recidivism.

Analysis of Roca’s data and further research lead Roca to shorten the length of the Intervention Model from a five-year intervention (three years intensive, two years follow-up) to the current time period of four years of intervention (two years intensive, two years follow-up).

Roca develops a Workforce Readiness Criteria, creating a standard of what deems a young person workforce-ready, so that young people are prepared to be placed in jobs and to retain employment.