A second replication of Roca’s Intervention Model is launched in Boston.

Pay for Success project is launched, and Massachusetts criminal justice agencies start referring high-risk young men to Roca. Financial investors in the project include the lenders Goldman Sachs, The Kresge Foundation and Living Cities; the philanthropic grantors Laura and John Arnold Foundation, New Profit Inc. and The Boston Foundation; and Roca and Third Sector Capital Partners.